What services GP practices can and cannot charge for

This guidance clarifies what GPs can and cannot charge for privately under the GMS contract, including travel vaccinations, becoming a limited company and the sale of goodwill.

Location: UK
Audience: GPs Practice managers Patients and public
Updated: Monday 7 September 2020
GP practice article illustration

Charges for additional services

Private practice is still significantly restricted under the new GMS contract. Practices that opt out of the provision of additional, enhanced or out-of-hour (OOH) services, cannot charge any of their registered patients for supplying a similar service privately.

For instance, GPs cannot charge a patient in their practice for seeing them out-of-hours even though the patient may have requested it and may be happy to pay for it. If the patient is a registered patient they cannot be charged.

Doctors may wish to write private prescription for patients, however cannot charge for the service.

Doctors cannot sell blood pressure machines to patients.


Charges for non-NHS services

There are some services that are not available on the NHS – or only in very limited circumstances, for instance cosmetic procedures, some advanced dermatology procedures, osteopathy.

GPs can set up private practices to provide these services although they must not be treating their practices’ registered patients.

If you earn more than 10% private earnings from your practice’s premises then your cost or notional rent will be abated.


Locum GPs without a registered patient list

Locum GPs must be able to charge patients privately for any service they chose to provide. However, where a locum is covering for a practice doctor on leave, they are temporarily contracted to care for a registered list and they cannot charge those patients.


Hepatitis vaccinations

  • Hepatitis A vaccination is available free of charge on the NHS if the patient is going abroad.
  • Hepatitis B vaccination is not free of charge if the patient is going abroad.
  • Hepatitis B vaccination is free for occupational reasons because patients are dental nurses or about to enter medical school. However, a GP does not need to provide them under essential services.
  • Therefore patients can either seek vaccination privately (eg through a travel clinic) or, as would be most suitable for those about to embark on training/work within the NHS, through an occupational health local enhanced service.

Hepatitis B vaccinations


The sale of goodwill

The regulations relating to the sale of goodwill refer to restrictions in relation to a medical practice which has a list of registered patients. This relates to all practices providing essential services, not affecting the potential to provided non-essential services privately. However we continue to advise doctors to follow the advice above and not treat any registered patient privately except where indicated.

GPs can benefit from the sale of goodwill if they have shares in a company or co-operative that does not have a registered list. This will be a commercial decision for a GP or practice to make, in the same way as they may choose to have shares in any other category of company.


Making your practice a limited company

  • It may be possible to save tax if you set up your practice as a limited company.
  • Specialist accountancy advice would need to be sought before any decision was made.
  • A limited company is able to contract to a CCG for the provision of GMS services/PMS services. Doctors in such a practice will need to write to NHS BSA to obtain employer status.
  • The salary that the doctors draw from the company is able to be pensioned in the NHS pension scheme on a practitioner basis.
  • Any such doctors will need to consider how much they pay themselves as salary because any dividends taken from the company would not be pensionable.
  • NHS BSA suggests that prior to establishing the company, the doctors write to the agency to ensure that their status is acceptable. This will partly depend on the aims of the organisation as it must be on the ‘not for profit’ basis similar to out-of-ours providers.