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England will lose more than 600 GP practices by 2022 without urgent investment, BMA analysis reveals

More than 600 GP practices in England will be lost in the next four years if investment is not increased, according to analysis by the British Medical Association.

The BMA has produced two projections based on the rate of practice closures and mergers over both the last six years, and between 2016 and 2017, which estimate that England is set to lose between 618 and 777 practices between now and 2022.

If these projections bear out, millions of patients will need to find a new practice.

According to NHS Digital1, there were 166 fewer practices in 2017 (7,361) compared to 2016 (7,527), while the total has fallen by 963 since 2010, when there were 8,324 practices in England.

While the fall in numbers is partly due to mergers, many will have closed or been forced to merge as the result of the continued pressures on general practice, following a decade of underinvestment.

The BMA is now urging the prime minister, as part of her pledge to produce a long-term funding plan for the NHS, to address the historic underfunding of general practice.

The projections form part of the BMA’s analysis2 on NHS England’s GP Forward View (GPFV) two years since it was published.  GPFV committed an extra £2.4bn a year to support general practice by 2020/21 and included a package of measures aimed at improvements in five key areas: investment, workload, care redesign, practice infrastructure and workforce.

While progress has been made with some initiatives, the BMA’s report “GP Forward View: two years on” highlights a number of areas in which the promises are falling short.

Key findings include:

  • It is not clear whether recurrent GPFV funding is on track, and it also remains unclear whether funding from additional resources from CCGs is being delivered.
  • Current funding for general practice falls £3.7 billion short of the BMA’s target of 11 per cent of the NHS budget. Although additional funding for the NHS was committed in the Autumn Budget 2017, the amount going to general practice in real terms has not increased.
  • While more GPs appear to be entering training, GP recruitment still falls short of the annual recruitment target initially set in 2015/16 (and remains well short of the number needed to replace those GPs leaving the profession) .
  • A number of workforce initiatives – including the Targeted Recruitment Scheme, the GP Retention Scheme and the Induction and Refresher Scheme – are having some positive impact, but processes need to be streamlined and funding made recurrent.
  • Securing funding to enable improvements to practice premises has been difficult, with many infrastructure schemes delayed.
  • Funding to enable online consultations has not been reaching enough practices.
  • Overall, GPFV is struggling to deliver on its commitments. Across general practice, there is a widespread view that it does not go “far enough, fast enough” and after 2 years it still does not have the confidence of GPs.

Dr Richard Vautrey, BMA GP committee chair, said:

“We have seen the devastating effect of practice closures over the last few years, with more than a million patients displaced since 20133, and now this analysis paints an even bleaker picture for the future.

“Patients already face unacceptably long waits for appointments, and without urgent government action and significantly more investment this will only get worse as millions more are left without a practice and struggling to find a new one.

“As GPs face the mounting pressures of increased demand, unmanageable workloads and lack of resources, more and more are leaving the profession or handing back their contracts. At the same time, too many medical school graduates are seeing the situation unfold in general practice and understandably choosing other specialties.

"The latest workforce figures speak for themselves, and just yesterday, the Health Secretary finally admitted that his pledge to hire an extra 5,000 GPs by 2020 was unreachable.

“In 2016 NHS England published its GP Forward View (GPFV), outlining a number of measures aimed at improving primary care provision and the working lives of doctors, but two years on, it’s clear that it is struggling to deliver on its promises, leaving most of the profession unconvinced that the plan will make a material difference to their workload pressures.

“While progress has been made in a number of areas, GPFV has failed to make a big enough impact on the recruitment and retention crisis, and has been unable, so far, to make any significant inroad into the unmanageable daily workload within general practice. Furthermore, despite frequent requests from the BMA, NHS England is yet to clarify whether its spending promises are on track.

“Overall, our research provides further evidence that general practice remains in critical condition.

“It does not have to be that way, however. The prime minister has pledged to lay out a long-term funding plan for the NHS later this year, and she must use this opportunity to tackle the decade of underinvestment in general practice. The future of primary care must be central to the discussions around the prime minister’s plans and any announcements later this year.

“With proper investment that goes directly to practices and not blocked by time-consuming bureaucracy, a package of fully-resourced measures like those set out in the BMA’s Saving General Practice4 report could have a real impact on the ground for GPs, practice teams and most importantly, their patients.

“General practice has been the foundation of the NHS for the last 70 years. It’s time the government takes urgent action to guarantee its future for the next 70 years and more.”


Notes to editors

The BMA is a trade union representing and negotiating on behalf of all doctors in the UK. A leading voice advocating for outstanding health care and a healthy population. An association providing members with excellent individual services and support throughout their lives.

  1. ‘General and Personal Medical Services, England As at 30 September 2017, Provisional Experimental statistics’. Find the full data here.
  2. Read the full report here.
  3. Revealed: 450 GP surgeries have closed in the last five years’, Pulse [online], 30 May 2018.
  4. Read Saving General Practice here.

For further information please contact:

British Medical Association, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London, WC1H 9JP
Telephone: 020 7383 6448 
Email: [email protected]
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