The BMA Illustrated Book Award
Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art
by Javier DeFelipe
Published by Oxford University Press, November 2017 (ISBN: 9780190842833 $79.95)
Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art continues the tradition set forth by its sister volume Cajal's Butterflies of the Soul (OUP, 2009). This new collection contains hundreds of beautiful rarely-seen-before figures produced throughout the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century by famed father-of-modern-neuroscience Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852-1934) and his contemporaries. Cajal was captivated by the beautiful shapes of the cells of the nervous system. He and his fellow scientists saw neurons as trees and glial cells as bushes. Given their high density and arrangement, neurons and glial resembled a thick forest, a seemingly impenetrable terrain of interacting cells mediating cognition and behaviour. In unravelling the mysteries of the brain, these researchers encountered an almost infinite number of cellular forms with an extraordinary beauty, which they could not help but put pen to paper, allowing them to discover a new artistic world - the neuronal forest - that gave free rein not only to their imagination, but to a new way of viewing the brain as well.
This book has been divided into two parts. The first focuses on the scientific atmosphere in Cajal's times, on the history of the neuron, and the anatomical challenge posed in studying neuronal connections. It also delves into the artistic skills of Cajal and other important pioneers in neuroscience and how the neuronal forests have served as an unlimited source of artistic inspiration. The second consists of 275 original drawings by Cajal. All were published over the course of his scientific career and cover virtually all of his research fields of interest, including the spinal cord, the optic lobe and retina, cerebral cortex, and many other regions of the brain.
Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art is a testament to the natural beauty found in science. Despite the common misconception that the drawings of Cajal and other scientists of the time are pieces of art, these drawings are in fact copies of histological preparations and contributed greatly to the discoveries made in the field of neuroscience.
Javier DeFelipe is a Research Professor at the Instituto Cajal (CSIC), Madrid, Spain. His main area of expertise lies in the microanatomy of the cerebral cortex. The frequent citation of his work in the scientific literature reflects the variety and excellence of his numerous contributions. Prof. DeFelipe is also fascinated by the link between the study of the brain and art and has been involved in organizing and curating numerous exhibitions around the world. He has written several articles, chapters and books on both this subject and the influence of Santiago Ramón y Cajal in modern neuroscience.
It was reviewed by Dr Tim Wilkinson who said: ‘This is a beautiful book made to a high quality and the pictures are works of art. It combines history, art and neuroscience, and promotes the great work of Santiago Ramon y Cajal. Anyone who wants to learn more about this area will really enjoy this book. The book's main strength is its beautiful, high-quality production; the pictures are fantastic and the history is well-written and readable.’
The BMA Student Textbook Award
Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience at a Glance, 5th Edition
by Roger A Barker, Francesca Cicchetti, Emma SJ Robinson
Published by Wiley-Blackwell, October 2017 (ISBN: 9781119168416 £26.99)
Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience at a Glance is a highly illustrated, quick reference guide to the anatomy, biochemistry, physiology and pharmacology of the human nervous system. Each chapter features a summary of the anatomical structure and function of a specific component of the central nervous system, a section on applied neurobiology outlining how to approach a patient with neurological or psychiatric problems aligned to the chapter topic, standard diagnostic procedures for most common scenarios, as well as an overview of treatment and management options. All medical students receive a block of Neuroscience/Neuroanatomy teaching and formal testing, in the first one or two years, which provides the foundations for later Clinical Neurology teaching. It is a notoriously difficult topic, both in terms of understanding the initial anatomy, followed by neurological conditions. There is a continued need, in both the UK and US markets, for a short text which covers basic neuroscience building to pathology and pharmacology, i.e. becoming more clinically relevant as the reader progresses, which mirrors a typical curriculum.
Roger A. Barker is from the John van Geest Centre for Brain Repair and Department of Neurology, University of Cambridge, UK
Francesca Cicchetti is from the Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec (CHUQ), Université Laval, Q, Canada
Emma S.J. Robinson is from the School of Physiology, Pharmacology & Neuroscience, University of Bristol, UKK
It was reviewed by Dr Narayanamoorti Saravanan who said: ‘This book is very useful for trainees and post graduate students as a concise source for revision. The pictorial illustrations are excellent. This is an excellent and concise resource covering the breadth of Neuroscience. It is an excellent concise neuroscience resource for students and trainees.’
BMA Young Authors Prize
Pre-hospital Emergency Medicine at a Glance
by William Seligman, Sameer Ganatra, Timothy Parker and Syed Masud.
Published by Wiley-Blackwell, October 2017 (ISBN: 9781118829929 £29.99)
Pre-hospital Emergency Medicine at a Glance offers healthcare students and trainees the essential theoretical knowledge and practical skills relevant to the provision of immediate care outside of the hospital. This concise text provides information on the principles of managing acutely unwell patients with life-threatening injuries at the scene of their accident, all in highly-illustrated double-page spreads to help explain key messages. It is the first student focused text available which covers pre-hospital emergency medicine in an accessible and highly illustrated format and provides students and trainees with the essential theoretical knowledge and practical skills to handle a pre-hospital trauma emergency, such as major haemorrhage, airway injury or spinal injury.
Pre-hospital emergency medicine focuses on caring for seriously ill or injured patients in urban, rural, or remote settings before they reach hospital, and during emergency transfer to hospital or between hospitals. Trainees in the subspecialty respond to emergencies and undertake patient transfers by car, ambulance, and helicopter. Responding by air and learning the complex issues surrounding air travel and air casualty evacuation are important aspects of the training. Whilst trauma was once considered relatively infrequent, and as such an incidental component of medical education, the increasing political drive to increase standards of care, the centralization of trauma services, and wider availability of pre-hospital emergency medicine posts, means its integration into undergraduate medical education is of increasing importance. Pre-hospital Emergency Medicine is an emerging specialty which is seeing huge student interest. The first student resource to cover pre-hospital care, Pre-hospital Emergency Medicine at a Glance, uses the popular double-page spread layout to provide both essential knowledge and practical skills required to assist in a pre-hospital trauma emergency.
William Seligman, University of Oxford Medical School, UK
Sameer Ganatra, University of Oxford Medical School, UK
Timothy Parker, University of Oxford Medical School, UK
Syed Masud, Honorary Senior Lecturer in Major Trauma and Pre-Hospital Emergency Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
It was reviewed by Dr Jonathan R Clowes FRCGP, who said: ‘This is an excellent introductory text with broad overview for the benefit of medical students, junior Drs and paramedics wanting to understand the scope of the topic. It is an authoritative text from specialists. Pre-hospital emergency care is not well catered for in the book market and this book provides an excellent overview.’
BMA President's Award (chosen by Professor Dinesh Bhugra CBE)
How to Implement Evidence-Based Healthcare
by Trisha Greenhalgh
Published by Wiley-Blackwell, June 2017 (ISBN: 9781119238522 £31.99)
From the author of the bestselling introduction to evidence-based medicine, this brand new title makes sense of the complex and confusing landscape of implementation science, the role of research impact, and how to avoid research waste. How to Implement Evidence-Based Healthcare clearly and succinctly demystifies the implementation process, and explains how to successfully apply evidence-based healthcare to practice in order to ensure safe and effective practice. Written in an engaging and practical style, it includes frameworks, tools and techniques for successful implementation and behavioural change, as well as in-depth coverage and analysis of key themes and topics.
Implementation Science is a growing field and the notion of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) and how to address the translational gap is a top international research and policy priority. Successful implementation of evidence-based medicine is central to ensuring save and effective healthcare. However, whilst EBM has moved forwards in leaps and bounds in the past 20 years, the gap between what we know and what we do has remained stubbornly difficult to close. In the UK (and the EU more widely) is a policy push towards ‘research impact’. This is evidenced, for example, by the ‘pathways to impact’ requirement for MRC and EU grant applications (applicants must state what impact they think their research will have and how they will achieve that impact), and by the Research Excellence Framework’s allocation of 20% of the annual research grant to universities on the basis of ‘impact case studies’ from 2014. This brand new title makes sense of the complex and confusing landscape of implementation science, and how to successfully apply evidence-based medicine to practice, in order to ensure safe and effective healthcare.
Trisha Greenhalgh is Professor of Primary Care Health Sciences, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, UK.
It was reviewed by Dr Emily Donovan who said: ‘It was very refreshing to read up to date research from this author, as the current MRes in Primary Care that I am completing refers to her research that was done 20 years ago! Due to the extensive research Greenhalgh has done, she uses her research to explain the theories and themes she discusses in this book. I enjoyed this authors style of writing, that is often very personal, unlike much of the dry reading on EBHC. It has given me a better understanding of how to present my research to different stakeholders. I really liked the bit on abstract writing. The need for qualitative research, or at least mixed methods research, in understanding how to implement EBHC was key for me and I am pleased that the social sciences are recognised as key players in implementing EBHC.’
BMA Council Chair's Choice (chosen by Dr Chaand Nagpaul)
Connecting with Cancer
by Reginald R Hall and Robert Olley
Published by Melrose Books, June 2017 (ISBN: 9781912026388 £19.99)
Written by a retired surgeon this book tells the stories of 35 people who have experienced cancer, in their own words, transcribed and edited from recorded personal interviews. It is the product of a unique cancer support charity in the North East of England (Cancer Connections, South Tyneside), the narratives are personal and sometimes very intimate, representing 17 different types of cancer and bereavement. The stories are those of people from many different walks of life including children. For the general public such a book could be an unattractive and difficult subject. It has, therefore, been illustrated by Robert Olley, a South Shields artist renowned for his paintings and sculptures of coal mining and everyday life. His illustrations have enlivened, enlightened and transformed the book through their empathy, humour and sensitivity.
It was reviewed by Dr Stephanie E Hicks who said: ‘This book is a good place to start for those who want first-hand experiences of living with cancer as it highlights the need to focus on the person rather than their disease and how cancer can affect the whole person and their family. It is very easy to read and the illustrations bring the stories to life. The narrative basis is relatable and emotive.’
BMA Reviewer of the Year
Dr Colin A J Farquharson
Colin Farquharson is a Consultant Cardiologist and the Deputy Medical Director for the Northern Lincolnshire and Goole NHS Foundation Trust.
He trained at Dundee University, then undertook general medical training in Tayside / Edinburgh, then advanced training in Cardiology across Yorkshire and Harefield Hospital (UK), Los Angeles (USA) and Adelaide / Melbourne (Australia).
He worked as a Consultant Cardiologist and Honorary Senior Lecturer at the Diana Princess of Wales Hospital, Grimsby, between 2005 and 2012. He then took up the post of Senior Staff Cardiologist / Professor of Cardiology at Royal Darwin Hospital, Australia between 2012 and 2015, before returning back to North East Lincolnshire in 2016. His research interests include vascular biology in chronic heart failure and the management of valvular heart disease.