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Mental health

Doctors wellbeing, mental health

Across the UK, people of all ages with mental health problems have faced significant challenges in accessing the services they need. Too often, they have received little or no support. This has led to a vast amount of unmet need, substantial levels of preventable morbidity and avoidable deaths.


Key statistics on mental health

  • Mental health problems are the single largest source of burden of disease in the UK, affecting around one in four people.
  • Mixed anxiety and depression are the most common mental health problems experienced in the UK.
  • One in three of the 100,000 people who die prematurely each year in England has a mental health problem.
  • People with a severe and prolonged mental health problem are at risk of dying on average 15 to 20 years earlier than other people.
  • Poor mental health carries an economic and social cost of £105 billion a year in England, £7.2 billion in Wales, £8.6 billion a year in Scotland and £2.8 billion in Northern Ireland.


Doctors have repeatedly raised concern about the state of mental health services and the need to improve the outcomes for their patients suffering with mental health problems. This will require a comprehensive transformation programme, moving to a more proactive and preventative approach to mental health across the NHS.

There has been a welcome focus on improving mental health care in recent years - from the Royal College of Psychiatrists' report on whole-person care, the independent report of the Mental Health Taskforce and the Faculty of Public Health's report Better Mental Health For All, to strategic commitments across the UK such as Wales' together for mental health and Scotland's mental health strategy. However, many challenges remain.


Beyond parity of esteem - Achieving parity of resource, access and outcome

Doctors remain extremely concerned about the state of mental health services and the ability to deliver on some key ambitions.

Our report includes recommendations on key areas: funding, access, workforce and prevention.

Find out more


  • Additional briefings

    Perinatal mental health provision

    A BMA briefing on perinatal mental health provision in the UK and what is being done to support improvements to services.  

    Read our briefing


    Tackling the causes: Promoting public mental health and investing in prevention

    Many of the factors that influence people’s mental health lie outside of doctors’ day-to-day clinical influence, and include the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.

    This briefing highlights the importance of comprehensive action on the social determinants of mental health, investigates what is being invested in public mental health across the UK, and makes recommendations for improving public mental health.

    Read our briefing


    Lost in transit? Funding for mental health services in England

    Over recent years, welcome commitments have been made to increase funding for mental health services. There are significant concerns, however, that extra investment is not reaching front line services.

    We have produced a research briefing, which analyses a range of data on recent changes to the funding of mental health services in England, and assesses whether commitments to increased investment are being met.

    Read our briefing


    The challenge of improving mental health outcomes

    There is a range of multi-factorial and complex reasons why the mental health sector is unable to provide the same standard of care as physical health.

    We have produced a briefing that looks at each of these areas in more detail, called Breaking down barriers - the challenge of improving mental health outcomes.

    Read our briefing


  • News and features

    Separated at birth

    Keith Cooper speaks to a junior doctor who had her newborn baby taken away because of her own mental ill-health and examines the impact of poor access to mental healthcare during pregnancy.

    Read the feature


    Far from home, far from hope

    A BMA investigation has discovered a rise in the number of adult mental health patients placed in out-of-area beds.

    Keith Cooper examines the impact on patients, their families and the doctors who care for them.

    Read the feature