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BMA Brexit briefings

The BMA has published a series of briefings, which outline our policy positions on a range of key issues relating to the impact of Brexit on the UK healthcare system.

The briefings outline proposals for how the UK and EU can maintain a working relationship after Brexit, as well as the potential implications of a failure to agree a withdrawal agreement by October 2019.

Our Brexit work


  • Beyond Brexit - Employment rights

    The UK’s membership of the EU has had a significant impact on the development of employment rights for doctors. Legislation such at the European Working Time Directive, the right to equal pay between men and women, and other EU laws around equality have strengthened safety and equality provisions for doctors in the UK. The UK’s decision to leave the EU could lead to changes in key employment and equality protections.

    Read the briefing

  • Beyond Brexit - International trade and health

    The UK will be able to negotiate new international trade agreements after Brexit. Trade agreements can change policy in ways that affect health, both within the UK and globally. To avoid negatively impacting public health and the healthcare sector, the UK should not enter into agreements that prioritise economic benefits over health.

    Read the briefing

  • The dangers of a 'no deal' Brexit

    The UK risks leaving the EU on 29 March 2019 without a Brexit deal in place. This could have damaging consequences for health services across the UK and Europe.

    Read the briefing

  • Competition and procurement

    Brexit could lead to changes in competition and procurement law in the UK and how it is applied to healthcare services.

    Read the briefing

  • Euratom

    The BMA believes it will be vital for the UK to continue to work closely with Euratom after Brexit.

    Read the briefing

  • Health improvement

    The UK and EU interacts in a number of ways to tackle preventable conditions and address health inequalities in the UK. To avoid widening health inequalities, the UK should maintain a strong focus on preventing ill-health after Brexit.

    Read the briefing

  • Health protection and health security

    Health protection and security in the UK has been fundamentally shaped by our membership of the European Union. This includes efforts to combat infectious diseases, AMR (antimicrobial resistance), climate change, water, waste and air pollution and maintaining high food standards.

    Read the briefing

  • Impact on patients

    Brexit has the potential to significantly affect the care patients expect to receive in a variety of ways.

    Read the briefing

  • Medical research

    The UK and EU should negotiate a formal agreement to maintain access to EU research programmes after Brexit.

    Read the briefing

  • Medicine and medical device regulation

    The UK and EU need to maintain an effective working relationship on medicines and medical devices regulation after Brexit.

    Read the briefing

  • Northern Ireland

    The challenges facing doctors and health services ahead of Brexit are considerable but have the potential to be felt even more profoundly in Northern Ireland, which shares a land border with another EU country.

    Read the briefing

  • Reciprocal healthcare arrangements

    Retaining reciprocal healthcare arrangements needs to be an important consideration during the Brexit negotiations.

    Read the briefing

  • Workforce and future immigration policy

    The BMA is calling on the government to implement a flexible immigration system which facilitates the entry of doctors, nurses and other key health and social care staff to the UK, and enable UK-trained doctors to work in the EU should they so choose.

    Read the briefing

  • European Union (Withdrawal) Bill

    The BMA has produced an overview of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill, more commonly known as the ‘Repeal Bill’ for members.

    Download the briefing to find out what the Bill means for the BMA